Kerala State Transport Project

Kerala State Transport Project (KSTP) is one of the important and successful endeavours of Government of Kerala (GoK) and Public Works Department (PWD) implemented with the assistance of the World Bank (WB).             

           This major initiative towards improvement of State Highway network has achieved substantial project completion by December 2010. 

                The reference to conceiving of this project goes back to 1996; by then GoK-PWD evaluated the lower efficiency of major road network due to rapid growth in traffic levels coupled with existing inadequate and deteriorating road infrastructure. To this respect the 'Strategic Options Study' (SOS), was carried out in 1997 covering nearly 9000Km of roads for prioritisation. 

                This important study based on strategic parameters recommended a priority list of road corridors for further techno economic feasibility study and then Detailed Engineering. 

                In the year 1999, 2810 Km of roads recommended through SOS study were selected for Techno-Economic feasibility. Road Maintenance Component prioritisation and Institutional Development Strategy Studies were initiated in 2000.  

                The studies were funded by the bank in the form of TA Loan (4114 IN) of US$ 4.00 M. Detailed Design and Contract preparation of the project was carried out from 2000-2001. The project was appraised by the bank in Nov, 2001 with the project cost to the tune of US$ 336 million ( ` 1612 crores) followed by negotiations in May,2002 which resulted in with loan (IBRD Loan No 4653 IN)assistance from the bank to the tune of US$ 255 million ( ` 1225 crores), with a Loan Repayment Period of 20 years including a five year Moratorium Period of project implementation. 

                The project was structured in to two phases, Phase I & II. Due to delay in land acquisition and cost and time overun the Phase II part of upgrading works could not be taken up and the period of loan was extended  for  2  years  up  to December  2010.  The  project was  restructured in  2008 in consultation with the Bank and completed in December 2010.

The project had four components

1.     Corridor  improvements

a.     Upgrading 578 km of priority State Highways

b.     Rehabilitation of 73 km IWT canals

c.     LA and resettlement and rehabilitation assistance

2.     2.Periodic maintenance program for about 1000 km State Highways

3.     3. Road Safety Engineering Program

4.     4.Institutional Strengthening of PWD, Irrigation Department (ID) and Technical Assistance (TA) to prepare follow up studies and implementation of State Road Safety Action Plan

 Development Objectives  

                The project’s principal development objectives are to improve traffic flow and road safety on Kerala State’s primary road network and to strengthen institutional and financial capacity of Kerala’s key transport sector agencies.

 Restructured Project (2008)

 Component 1    (a)Upgradaing  of about 254.70 km of SHs Design & supervision of civil works contracts

                         (b)   Pilot project on rehabilitation Inland Water Ways -73Km

                         (c )  Supervision consultant and Project Co-ordinating services for civil works

           (d)   Land acquisition, utility shifting and resettlement and rehabilitation (R&R), Implementation  support, training, Environmental Management for project expenditures

 

Component 2      Periodic maintenance of about 1156 km of State Highways and resurfacing 304 km to keep the roughness to the desired levels.

Component 3      Road Safety Engineering

Component 4      Institutional strengthening services including TA,

 
Roads upgraded (widening and strengthening) in Phase I 

Link No

Road Location

Length (km)

Package I

1

Taikod - Kottarakkara

46.022

2

Kottarakkara - Chengannur

44.430

3

Taikod - Kazhakuttam

12.600

4

Alappuzha - Changanassery

24.140

Total

127.192

Package III

5

Muvattupuzha- Thodupuzha

17.83

6

Muvattupuzha- Angamaly

31.40

Total

49.23

Package IV

7

Palakkad - Shornur

45.30

8

Thrissur - Kuttipuram

33.08

Total

78.38

Total Road Length under Phase I

254.802

 The Road Sections improved under Heavy Maintenance Component

Sl. No

Name of Roads

Length (km)

RMC-1

Trivandrum—Kottarakara road

19.30

RMC-2

Peroorkada - Nedumangad road

12.00

RMC-3

Thodupuzha – Oonnukal road

20.00

RMC-4

Alura – Kothamangalam road

17.00

RMC-5

Thrissur-Kodungalloor road

33.90

RMC-6

Potta – Moonupeedika road

20.90

RMC-7

Cherpu -  Triprayar road

14.20

RMC-8

Kozhikode – Mavoor road

10.50

RMC-9

Sultan's Bathery – Pulpally road

35.00

RMC-10

Taliparamba – Iritty road

46.00

RMC-11

Narukara - State Border road

40.00

RMC-12

Quilandy – Thamarassery road

29.30

RMC-13

Cherkala – Jelsoor road

41.00

RMC-14

Vizhinjam -Kattakkada

10.80

RMC-15

Kallambalam-Varkala

12.00

RMC-16

Maintenance of Kollam- Ayoor

31.00

RMC-17

Punalur-Anchal-Kulathupuzha

30.00

RMC-18

Ettumanoor-Erattupettah

15.80

RMC-19

Kayamkulam-Adoor

25.40

RMC-20

Changanaseery-Vazhoor

24.50

RMC-21

Ponjassery-Chithrappuzha

20.00

RMC-22

Vypin- Pallippuram

25.50

RMC-23

Vadanmedu-Kumbasnmedu

11.00

RMC-24

Paramada-Moolamattom-Thodupuzha

39.00

RMC-25

Nilambur-Perinthalmanna

67.40

RMC-26

Kuttiyadi-Keluyr

23.10

RMC-27

Thiruvananthapuram - Ponmudi (Ponmudi-Kallar-Vithura-Aanad)

40.00

RMC-28

 Kayamkulam-Mavelikkara

11.60

RMC-29

 Mavelikkara-Thiruvalla

19.60

RMC-30

 Kozhenchery-Chengannoor

14.00

RMC-31

 Chengannoor- Mavelikkara

16.00

RMC-32

 Kidangara-Neerettupuram

7.90

RMC-33

 Pala-Eerattupettah

11.80

RMC-34

 Kumily-Pooppara (PART I)

35.40

RMC-35

 Kumily-Pooppara (PART II)

43.20

RMC-36

 Vattavada-Topstation-Moonnar

43.50

RMC-37

 Balussery-Perumpayil

10.20

RMC-38

 Perumpayil-Kozhikkode

10.80

RMC-39

 Kunnamangalam-Agasthiamoozhi

13.40

RMC-40

 Vythiri-Parathodu

12.00

RMC-41

 Parathodu-Tharuvanna

18.60

RMC-42

 Nedumpoil-Karikkode

10.00

RMC-43

 Karikkode-Iritty

10.80

RMC-44

Ayoor-Anchal

7.302

RMC-45

Kannur-Mattannoor

13.041

RMC-46

Chullimanoor - Elavupalam

19.416

RMC-47

Ettumanoor - Ernakulam

26.284

RMC-48

Palakkad-Meenakshipuram

37.142

RMC-49

Manarkadu -Kidangoor

12.912

RMC-50

Thodupuzha-Udumpanoor Road

15.675

RMC-51

Pala- Kaduthuruthy Road

23.781

The f        Following are the elements implemented under the reforms, process in PWD by the KSTP.

 

Installation and Operationalisation of PWD back-bone software ‘WINGS’

The system development is over and the application has been deployed in PWD. The new public portal has become operational from 24th July 2009.

 

Restructuring PWD:

New dedicated cells have been formed in the PWD to deal with environmental and social management in works, operationalise RMMS/GIS to facilitate clarity and effectiveness in on prioritization of works and allocation of funds, Road safety, Project Preparation and Human Resource Development in PWD.

 

FMS:

Financial Management system has been developed for PWD for operating the PWD accounts. Training to users also provided and equipments for the users are under procurement. The system is currently in operation in PWD.

 

 

Revision of PWD Manual:

The State PWD as part of the institutional strengthening has taken action to revise the PWD Manual which was prepared originally in 1972 approved by the State Govt.

 

E-Tendering in PWD:

As part of institutional strengthening the state PWD has taken up the task of updating the bidding system for works in PWD. A new bidding document was developed and is in the final stages of approval. This system has facilities for Electronic tendering also.

 

Environmental and Social Safeguards

Terminal evaluation of rehabilitation and resettlement activities in KSTP was entrusted to a consultant. Arrangements for providing training on capacity building on Environmental and Social Management Plans (ESMP) are also made through experienced consultants.

 

Road Safety

Thirty seven black spots were identified and improved under the KSTP road safety engineering component.

One of the very important initiatives of the institutional strengthening part in the implementation of road Safety Action Plan (RSAP) in Kerala and the road safety engineering initiatives. Under the road safety programme after detailed analysis of the accident scenario in the State through Internationally experienced agencies an RSAP was developed. Road accident a few black spots were improved in the NH and State roads. The following documents were prepared to facilitate road safety audit.

·         Accident Investigation and Prevention Training Manual.

·         Road Safety Audit Manual.

Road Safety awareness programmes were launched with training sessions for students in schools on road safety rules, road safety drill, first aid and tram care, Managing school road safety and personality development drivers training programmes were arranged with the involvement of local traffic police motor vehicle departments, Panchayat officials, drivers, truck owners etc and various subjects were discussed and laugh.

A Geographical Accident Management System for Kerala (GEOCAMS) was developed for accident reporting and analysis and piloted in the traffic police stations in Trivandrum District.

In order to continue the road safety efforts and to minimize the road accidents a dedicated Road Safety Cell was constituted in the PWD (R&B) Chief Engineer’s Office with the required staff.

 

Model Safe Road Concept - Mile Stone in Road Safety

The Muttom-Thodupuzha-Muvattupuzha-Angamali road is designated as model accident free road corridor. The road safety engineering works envisaged are road markings, fixing studs, informatory warning signs and overhead destination signs in addition to crash barriers and special safety provisions at school zones. The tender evaluation is in progress.

 

Performance Based Maintenance Management

The Performance Based Maintenance Management, a new concept in the Maintenance regime which ensures continued maintenance for a certain period after improvement was introduced in the State PWD. Eight road section were taken up under this program.

 Key Performance Indicators Achieved

The achievement of the project objectives in line with pre-fixed indicators is summarized through following tabulation.

Performance Indicator

Achievement

About 578 km of high priority SHs improved (Widening & Strengthening)

Upgrading of 254.70 km completed.

About 1000 to 1,009 km of state roads maintained to a 'good' standard (IRI<4.0)

Maintenance of 1156 km successfully completed (with IRI<4) through Road Maintenance Component (RMC).

Reduce travel time by 20% on about 1578 km of roads improved & maintained under Project.

Reduction in travel time on about 1410 km close to 35% in WS and 30% in RMC

Maintenance funding to be increased by 10% in real terms by 2007 (eop).

Increased and still continuing Ongoing

Maintenance backlog reduced by 20% on State Highways.

Accomplished. RMC 1st year, 2nd year, 3rd year & 4th year completed funds provided for M&R

At least 500 PWD and project-related staff to have participated in training schemes under various disciplines .

About 850 staff trained to date. Training continued, ongoing

Implementation of agreed institutional strengthening and modernization action plans.

Action plan and initiation of implementation almost completed (95%). Old PWD Manual was revised and FMS rolled out to PWD functions

State Plan allocations for capital improvements of road sector & sustained real increases in maintenance funding as committed by GoK in State Road

GoK continues to maintain its commitment